This article contains materials about endangered and rare cats of all continents of the world.
Almost all wild cats, from huge and rather formidable to small and lovely, are somehow threatened with extinction. We invite you to pay attention to these amazing graceful animals, which are a real rare treasure of wildlife.Almost all wild cats, from huge and rather formidable to small and lovely, are somehow threatened with extinction. We invite you to pay attention to these amazing graceful animals, which are a real rare treasure of wildlife.
Cats are worthy and deserve our love, attention and protection. It is not only domestic, but living in the wild. Living in the wild, a wild cat is more at risk from the surrounding nature and is forced to fight for its own survival. And so it is necessary to protect them from complete extinction. Let’s look at those who are endangered.
01. The Asian Cheetah
This magnificent cat once adorned the expanses of the Middle East, Central Asia, Kazakhstan and southeast India. At present, due to the destruction of their habitat, poaching and immoderate hunting on the entire planet, there are approximately 70-110 individuals of Asian cheetah living in the wild. All of them live in the arid conditions of the central plateau of Iran.
02. Irbis (snow leopard)
Discovered in the Rocky Mountains of Central Asia, snow leopards are perfectly adapted to the cold conditions of the desert landscapes of their habitat. Unfortunately, the chic fur of the snow leopard attracts a huge number of hunters. For this reason, there is only 4000-6500 of these beautiful cats in the world.
03. Cat-Fisherman (speckled cat)
Unlike many of his fellow family, who prefer to avoid water procedures, this cat is a professional swimmer living on the banks of rivers, streams and mangrove swamps. In 2008, this species was added to the list of endangered animals, because the favorite habitats of cats-fishers – bogs – are gradually drained and become the subject of people’s attention.
04. The Kalimantan cat
Also known as the Bornean cat, this animal can be found only on the island of Borneo. This extremely rare representative of the cat family is listed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature in the Red Book. The photo before you is one of the few pictures of such a rare species.
05. The Sumatran cat
This cat with a slim body and an unusual (slightly flattened) shape of the head likes to eat fish and walks by itself in the expanses of Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and Sumatra. It was listed in the Red Book since 2008 due to the destruction of the habitat. The current number of individuals living on the planet is estimated to be less than 2500.
06. Andean cat
Among the dozens of small species of wild cats that exist in the world, one of the rarest, the information about which is rather scarce, is an animal called the Andean cat. Alas, while the preservation of the populations of its larger relatives from the cat family is allocated millions of dollars, to support such small cats from the budgets of defensive organizations there are hardly thousands.
07. Pyrenean lynx
Pyrenean or Iberian lynx is considered the most susceptible to extermination by the sight of wild cats. Also this species at the moment is one of the rarest mammals on the planet. A disease called myxomatosis in the 1950s destroyed a population of rabbits (the basis of feeding lynx) in Spain on a huge scale. Now in the wild there are only about 100 individuals of thisspecies of wild cat.
These handsome men prefer to spend the morning hours in caves, crevices and even burrows of marmots, going out hunting only after noon. Due to the depletion of their habitat, the decrease in the reserves of the fodder base and the continuing hunting in 2002, this species was threatened with extinction.
09. Long-tailed cat (margai)
Margai are created for movement on trees. Only these cats have the ability to turn their hind legs 1800, which allows them to run up and down the trees like squirrels. Margay can even hang from a branch, clinging to her with only one paw. Annually for the skins people kill about 14000 individuals of long-tailed cat. This tendency of extermination is fatal for margai, because they require two years to bring their offspring, while the risk of kittens’ mortality is 50%.
10. Serval (shrubby cat)
These cats love to wander through the African savannah. Serval is the owner of the longest legs in relation to the body in comparison with any other representative of the feline genus. Unfortunately, in pursuit of their smart skin hunters do not stint on bullets and traps, afterwards offering fur tourists a serval, given out for leopard or cheetah.
Also known as the desert lynx, this cat is capable of producing barking sounds, serving as warning signals. Caracal is considered a vanishing species in North Africa and is regarded as rare in Central Asia and India.
12. African golden cat
Only relatively recently did people manage to obtain photographs of this rare night resident in his habitat. A golden cat is only twice as big as the one we used to be home. Life expectancy under natural conditions in individuals of this species is not established, but it is known that in captivity they can live up to 12 years.
13. Cat Temminka
This cat lives in tropical and subtropical wet evergreen and dry deciduous forests. Deforestation, as well as hunting for the skin and bones became the reasons for finding this species under the threat of total extinction.
14. Barkhan cat
This unique cat is characterized by an extended shape of the head and growing between the fingers of the fur, protecting it when walking on hot surfaces. Barkhan cat is listed as endangered species, and hunting is banned in many countries.
15. The Far Eastern leopard
The Amur (Far Eastern) leopard is under threat of extinction due to the destruction of its habitat, as well as the constant danger emanating from people. According to the latest data, at present only 30 individuals of this species have been recorded in the wild.
16. The Sumatran tiger
The Sumatran tiger is the last species of tiger in Indonesia to survive in the wild. Despite the active policy of defending organizations in the fight against poaching, these tigers are constantly hunting, condemning them to extinction. World markets are continually replenished with products made from these wild cats. Under similar circumstances, there are less than 400 Sumatran tigers in the world.
17. The smoky leopard
Smoky leopard is considered an intermediate evolutionary link between large and small cats. This species is placed in conditions of gradual disappearance of habitats as a result of large-scale deforestation. Also contributes to the extermination of this type of commercial poaching, aimed at trade in wild animals. The total population of the smoky leopard, according to experts, is currently less than 10,000 adults.
18. Marble cat
This cat is often mistaken for a marbled leopard, but its dimensions are much more elegant, and the tail is distinguished by a high degree of fluffiness. The destruction of the habitat conditions of this species in the forests of south-east Asia, as well as the reduction of the forage base, lead to a rapid decrease in the population of marble cats in the world.
19. Bengal cat
The color of the skin of a beautiful Bengal cat can range from gray to red and white with a very light chest. This is the first species that has successfully passed the experiment on crossing wild and domestic cats. The result was a beautiful and fairly friendly beast.
20. Maltese (blue) tiger
This species in the East is considered almost mythical. Most Maltese tigers belong to the subspecies of the South Chinese tiger, which is endangered due to the frequent use of body parts of this beast in traditional medicine. Individuals that differ in their “blue” skin at the current time may have already been completely exterminated.
21. Golden Striped Tiger
“Golden striped” – this is not the name of the species, but the definition of color deviation.As a rule, such individuals are the result of directed breeding of animals in captivity, but in India there is evidence of a meeting with a gold tiger, dated 1900.
22. The White Lion
White lions are not albinos. They are the owners of a rare genetic set that was distributed only in one place on Earth, the Kruger National Park in South Africa. Two decades before the creation of the Society for Protection of White Lions, this species was almost completely destroyed, so now a unique program is underway to restore the population in their natural habitat.
23. Anatolian leopard
During the last 30 years, it was believed that this Turkish species of the leopard is completely destroyed. However, in 2013 a shepherd in the southeastern province of Divarbakir killed a large cat that attacked his herd. Later biologists found that it was an Anatolian leopard. Although this story has such a sad outcome, yet, it gives hope that the rarest species can still exist.
24. Rusted cat
A rusty or reddish-spotted cat whose tail is only 50-70 cm long and weighs about 2-3 kg is the smallest wild cat in the world. To a person, practically nothing is known about this species, whose representatives lead an extremely secretive life. Unfortunately, despite this, the rusty cat has already managed to get on the list of “vulnerable” species, since most of its natural habitat has now been turned into an agricultural region.
25. Scottish Forest Cat
Known in the UK under the name “tiger of the highlands” Scottish forest cat is now under threat of extinction: according to a recent estimate, the population is less than 400 individuals.
26. Black-footed cat
The smallest of all African wild cats, black–footed cat on the soles of the feet has black fur, designed to protect it from the hot sand of the desert. These animals are able to dig in the garbage in search of food, and this habit puts them in great danger, because, thus, they fall into the traps set for other animals.